Sites & cities that bear the name of Ali Kosh

Ali Kosh

Today in : Iran (Islamic Republic of)
First trace of activity : ca. 8,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 5,500 B.C.E

Description : Ali Kosh is a small Tell of the Early Neolithic period located in Ilam Province in west Iran, in the Zagros Mountains. It was excavated by Frank Hole and Kent Flannery in the 1960s. The site is about 135 m in diameter. Research has found three phases of occupation of the site over an almost 2,000 period, starting from about 9,500 years ago (7500 BCE). It was occupied originally by pre-pottery peoples. Pottery was introduced to Ali Kosh during the third phase of its occupation. Nearby Chogha Sefid has only one pre-pottery phase, after which the occupation extended into the Chalcolithic period. Ali Kosh was the earliest agricultural community in western Iran, where emmer was already cultivated in the eighth millennium BC. This crop was not native to the area. Wild two-row hulled barley was also present. Goats and sheep were also herded. Similar site on the Deh Luran plain is Chogha Sefid, and also Tepe Abdul Hosein in Luristan. All three have similar stone tools. Ganj Dareh in Luristan (seen on the map), also similar, is even somewhat older than these.

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