Sites & cities that bear the name of Bir el Ater

Bir el Ater

Today in : Algeria
First trace of activity : ca. 1st century C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : بئر العاتر

Description : Bir el Ater (Arabic: بئر العاتر‎) is a city located in far eastern Algeria. It is located towards the border with Tunisia, around 87 kilometers south of Tebessa and just beyond the Sahara. The town has a population of approximately 80,000 inhabitants. Bir el Ater is the type site of the Paleolithic Aterian industry. The term Aterian derives from el-Ater. This lithic culture lasted between 40000 – 20000 years BC. It is now a mining city, located 15 km south of Bir El Ater. There are deposits of Djebel Onk Phosphates, the largest in Algeria which are extracted and shipped by train to Annaba a port, 300 km north on the Mediterranean or are used locally.

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