Sites & cities that bear the name of Dizə


Today in : Azerbaijan
First trace of activity : ca. 4,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Diza, Dize, دیزه

Description : Dizə (also, Diza and Dize) is a village and municipality in the Sharur District of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Azerbaijan. It is located on the left bank of the Arpachay (Akhurian) River, on the Sharur plain. On the other side of the river is the village of Oglanqala. Its population is busy with gardening, vegetable-growing, grain-growing and animal husbandry. There are secondary school, library, club, kindergarten and a medical center in the village. It has a population of 1,791. Ovçular təpəsi (Ovcular Tepesi, Hunters hill, az:Ovçular təpəsi) is located just to the north of Dize village, on the left bank of the Arpachay River. It is a settlement from the 5th-3rd millenniums BC. This is a strategic point at the foot of the highlands; the site is at the crossroads of major trade routes linking the Iranian plateau to Anatolia (east to west), and the Caucasus to North Mesopotamia (north to south). The monument is located on a natural hill. The area of the monument is about 10 hectares. The characteristic feature of the site is that the Kura-Araxes layer is not covered by any cultural layers of later periods. During the excavations of VH Aliyev and AK Seyidov, the remains of two buildings were found at a depth of 0.6 m. During the period of 2006–2011, a joint Azerbaijani-French expedition conducted a survey of the site. The residents engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding, fishing, and other farming activities. In 2010, some Ubaid period materials were found. Discovered archaeological materials are similar to Kultepe, Azerbaijan, Makhta Kultepe and other Chalcolithic era monuments. At Ovcular, three large copper axes were found in an infant burial jar, coming from Late Chalcolithic occupation levels (4400–3950 BC). Also, pieces of copper ore, crucible remains, and some small metal artifacts were found. Such large copper tools are not known anywhere else in southwestern Asia. Metallurgy was being practiced here, and at other sites in the area. Dizə Necropolis - the archaeological monument of the first Bronze Age in the west of the same named village in the Sharur region. It was discovered during the farm work in 1969. The materials of destructed of two graves were collected and as a result of the research one of the graves were studied. The remained a part of the walls of the grave chamber were built from river stone with mud and floor also were plastered with mud. According to the remains of bones, can say that two people were buried here. They were in wrapped position and their heads to the south side. Mug and containers of bank-type were found from the grave. Discovered samples of the material culture are shows that the monument belongs to the Kura-Araxes culture.

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