Sites & cities that bear the name of Metsamor


Today in : Armenia
First trace of activity : ca. 30th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 17th century C.E
Recorded names : Մեծամորի ամրոց, Taronik

Description : Research in Metsamor has been conducted since 1965. Until the 1990s, work was carried out by Armenian teams directed by Emma Khanzadyan and Koryun Mkrtchyan; in the years 2011–2013, Ashot Piliposyan headed the excavations. All the finds are displayed in the museum located at the site. In 2013, an Armenian-Polish archaeological expedition started work in Metsamor as a result of the cooperation between the Institute of Archaeology and the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology (both University of Warsaw) and the Service for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Environment and Museum Reservation, Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Armenia. Krzysztof Jakubiak (IA UW) and Ashot Piliposyan are co-directors of the mission. Jakubiak says that Metsamor "has an important role among the settlements of the Ararat Valley." The central part of the site lies on a hill overlooking the Ararat Valley. The research is conducted in the fortified citadel and the so-called lower town lying below it, as well as in the cemetery located about 500 m to the east. Already in the first seasons, an undisturbed stratigraphic sequence from the Bronze Age (the Kura-Arax period) to the medieval times was documented. The oldest traces of settlement date to the turn of the 4th millennium BC (Chalcolithic), the youngest, to the 17th century. In the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages (15th–8th century BC), the settlement became an important religious and economic center with a developed metallurgical production. On the southern slope of the hill, a large religious complex was discovered, consisting of five small temples with clay “cascading” altars. The most famous finds include ornaments, e.g., gold necklaces and gilded belt fittings with depictions of hunting lionesses.

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