Sites & cities that bear the name of Misliya cave

Misliya cave

Today in : Israel
First trace of activity : ca. 300,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 150,000 B.C.E
Recorded names : מערת מיסליה, Brotzen Cave

Description : Misliya cave (Hebrew: מערת מיסליה‎, also known as Brotzen Cave after Fritz Brotzen who first described it in 1927) at Mount Carmel, Israel, is a collapsed cave containing archaeological layers from the Lower Paleolithic and Middle Paleolithic periods. The site is significant in paleoanthropology for the discovery of the earliest known remains attributed to Homo sapiens outside of Africa, dated to 185,000 years ago.Excavations by teams of University of Haifa and University of Tel Aviv were conducted in the 2000/1 season, yielding finds dated to between 300,000 and 150,000 years ago.Of special interest is the Misliya-1 fossil, an upper jawbone discovered in 2002 and at first dated to "possibly 150,000 years ago" and classified as "early modern Homo sapiens" (EMHS). In January 2018, the date of the fossil has been revised to between 177,000 and 194,000 years ago (95% CI). This qualifies Misliya-1 as one of the oldest known fossil of H. sapiens, of comparable age to the Omo remains (identified as "archaic Homo sapiens", or Homo sapiens idaltu), and the oldest modern humans ever found outside of Africa.

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