Sites & cities that bear the name of Petralona cave

Petralona cave

Today in : Greece
First trace of activity : ca. 1,000,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 550,000 B.C.E
Recorded names : Σπήλαιο Πετραλώνων, Cave of the Red Stones, Σπήλαιο Κόκκινες Πέτρες

Description : The Petralona cave (Greek: Σπήλαιο Πετραλώνων) also Cave of the Red Stones (Greek: Σπήλαιο " Κόκκινες Πέτρες "), a Karst formation – is located at 300 m (984 ft) above sea-level on the western foot of Mount Katsika, about 1 km (0.62 mi) east of the eponymous village, about 35 km (22 mi) south-east of Thessaloniki city on the Chalkidiki peninsula, Greece. The site came to public attention when in 1960 a fossilized archaic human skull was found. The cave had been discovered accidentally only a year earlier (1959) after erosion had left clefts in the rock. "Bejeweled" with impressive stalactite and stalagmite formations and holding an abundance of fossils, the cave soon attracted geologists and paleontologists. After decades of excavations the cave is open to the public and scientific work is documented and presented in an adjacent archaeological museum.The cave's most prominent fossil specimen, since known among paleoanthropologists as the "Petralona Skull" The on-site Anthropological Museum of Petralona displays a selection of the cave's findings.

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