Sites & cities that bear the name of Shanidar Cave

Shanidar Cave

Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : ca. 70,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 8,600 B.C.E
Recorded names : ,ئەشکەوتی شانەدەر, Şaneder, Zewî Çemî Şaneder, كَهَف شانِدَر‎

Description : Shanidar Cave Şaneder or Zewî Çemî Şaneder; Arabic: كَهَف شانِدَر‎) is an archaeological site located on Bradost Mountain in the Erbil Governorate of Iraqi Kurdistan. The remains of ten Neanderthals, dating from around 65,000-35,000 years ago, have been found within the cave. The cave also contains two later "proto-Neolithic" cemeteries, one of which dates back about 10,600 years and contains 35 individuals.The best known of the Neanderthals is Shanidar 1, who survived several injuries during his life, possibly due to care from other members of his band, and Shanidar 4, whose body lay beside a flower that can either be explained as evidence of burial rituals or animal contamination. The site is located within the Zagros Mountains in the Arbil governorate and lies close to the Great Zab river valley.

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