Sites & cities that bear the name of Tillya Tepe

Tillya Tepe

Today in : Afghanistan
First trace of activity : ca. 17th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 1st century C.E
Recorded names : طلا تپه, Tillia tepe, Tilia tepe, Tillya tepe, Tillā tapa, Golden Hill, Yemshi-tepe

Description : Tillya tepe, Tillia tepe or Tillā tapa (Persian: طلا تپه‎) (literally "Golden Hill" or "Golden Mound") is an archaeological site in the northern Afghanistan province of Jowzjan near Sheberghan, excavated in 1978 by a Soviet-Afghan team led by the Greek-Russian archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi, a year before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The hoard is often known as the Bactrian gold. The hoard is a collection of about 20,600 ornaments, coins and other kinds of artifacts, made of gold, silver, ivory etc., that were found in six burial mounds (five women and one man) with extremely rich jewelry, dated to around the 1st century BCE-1st century CE. The ornaments include necklaces set with semi-precious stones, belts, medallions and a crown. After its discovery, the hoard went missing during the wars in Afghanistan, until it was "rediscovered" and first brought to public attention again in 2003. A new museum in Kabul is being planned where the Bactrian gold will eventually be kept. The heavily fortified town of Yemshi-tepe, just five kilometres to the northeast of modern Sheberghan on the road to Akcha, is only half a kilometre from the now-famous necropolis of Tillia-tepe.

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