Sites & cities that bear the name of Umm el Tlel

Umm el Tlel

Today in : Syrian Arab Republic
First trace of activity : ca. 73,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 4,000 B.C.E
Recorded names : Tell Oumn Teil

Description : As Umm el Tlel , more rarely Tell Oumn part is, one the early Middle Palaeolithic dated archaeological site in northeastern Syria which, at the Fund complex of El Kowm belongs. In addition to Umm el Tlel, these include the sites of Hummal and Ain Juwal to the south and Nadaouiyeh Aïn Askar to the west . In Umm el Tlel, excavations were carried out between 1991 and 2010, and a total of 6 m thick 89 layers emerged. 29 of these layers were assigned to the Upper Paleolithic , 3 to transition layers , such as the Ahmarium, and 57 to the Moustérienand thus the Middle Paleolithic. Systematic excavations began in Umm el Tlel in 1994 as part of the permanent French mission in El Kowm under the direction of Eric Boëda and Sultan Muhesen from the universities of Nanterres and Damascus. Eric Boëda, who joined the archaeological team in El Kowm in 1987, became the most important excavator for the Um el Tlel site, but also for El Meirah. There the African donkey was used by the hunter-gatherer groups as a source of food and raw materials, as shown by a skeleton find of a donkey in Umm el Tlel. A broken Levallois tip was found in the third cervical vertebra . In 1997 the site was dated to 40,500 BC. Dated. The Moustérienschichten date from between 75,000 and 45,000 before today. The production of blades continued until around 40,000 BC. Prove. A total of over 100 layers with a total thickness of 12 m were distinguished up to 2004.

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